Thursday, January 10, 2013

A peep into Mythology


I am very weak at these things. Religious concepts, mythology and Gods. All I know is the gist of the two great epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. I want to speak with reference to these two epics after reading the 7 secrets of Vishnu by Devadatta Patnaik. I may be wrong in many places while I write whatever I want to. But the intention of writing this is something else, and if that is conveyed across successfully I think my job is done. I am sorry in advance for hurting religious sentiments whatsoever.

It is said, that the Bull of time, stands on all four feet during Satyug, which is the starting of the time cycle. When the SatYug ends, and Treta yug begins and the Bull lifts one foot and stands on 3 feet. When Treta Ends and Dwapar Yug begins, the Bull of time stands on two feet, and when the Kal Yug begins, the Bull lifts another foot and stands only on one foot. The end of Kalyug means the end of time cycle, end of Kaal Chakra.It means Pralaya - Apocalypse.  

Apparently we are living in the Kalyug and the end is anticipated. The Mayan prediction just passed by and nothing happened. I don't know about the others, but I was prepared to die on 21st Dec 2012, as I am every day. Fortunately or unfortunately, everything remained as it is, meanwhile Arctic pole continues to melt faster and there are some changes happening in the Antarctica too, leading to global warming and shifting of the climate cycle.

Meanwhile, in Delhi, the winters are taking a toll on human population whereas the heat of protests against assaulters isneutralizing the attack of climate on mankind. Everything is happening so fast, at the same time so steadily, that I am wondering, what will all this lead to? While all this was going on, on news channels, I was engrossed in reading the 7 secrets of Vishnu. I completed it in one sitting, and while reading it I realized a few things. Before quoting the realizations, let me explain the difference of Ram Avatar and Krishna Avatar.

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Ramayana is a classic example of Dharma being followed religiously. Ram is the only avatar of Vishnu who is worshipped as a King. He was a principled king who heeded to the pleas of the common man and made attempts to create a peaceful, society based on rules and regulations. He ensured that everyone, including him would not break the rules, if it was the question of the society and its people. When the society pointed out Sita, as a tainted woman, for having lived with Ravana, and when her modesty was questioned, Ram gave up on Sita as the Queen. She left the Palace and went on to live in the forest.

Despite Ram's love for Sita, he was forced to take up the decision of forsaking the queen because it was unacceptable by the common man to take Sita as a wife to their king. Ram gave up Sita as a Queen of Ayodhya, but he never gave her up as wife, because he constructed a gold statue and placed it besides him and never married another woman. Because of the rules, and in order to ensure peace in the society he took such a harsh decision.  That is the reason why he is known as "Maryada Purushottam Ram". He lived by rules and regulations of the society, there by establishing a Dharma.

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Meanwhile Krishna was someone who believed in bending the rules for the benefit of mankind. Speaking white lies, attacking the enemy from behind- when it was known that the enemy had sinned, going against the law of the war and attacking below the waist line are the things which Krishna employed during the Mahabharata fought at Kurukshetra. 

When Dronacharya was to be killed, Krishna asked Arjuna to lie about Dronacharya's son - Ashwathama being killed, which was actually a lie. Ashwathama the elephant had died instead. This caused Drona to give up and mourn his son's death, enabling the Pandavas to Kill Dronaacharya. Krishna said, a teacher who cannot teach his students about peace, and only preach about war is not a person who follows dharma. So he deserves to be killed.

When Karna is busy disengaging a mud-stuck wheel Krishna orders Arjuna to kill him from behind which is against the war-rule. Krishna explains, that a person who chose friendship over Dharma, who simply stood watching Draupadi's integrity get tarnished, who did not help her, doesn't deserve to live.

There are many more instances during the Mahabharata which indicate that Krishna broke many rules to ensure that there is justice.

This was the stark difference between the Treta Yug and Dwapar yug, when Dharma was established in the former, and strictly following it meant that one was living by the tenets of the society and was righteous. Meanwhile in the latter, Krishna encouragedthat the society or one of the harbinger of the society has to bend the rules to make sure that Adharma perishes.

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The concept of Dharma has nothing to do with any religion. I quoted the Hindu mythology here, because I read it. Dharma is nothing but a way of coexisting peacefully in the society where everyone has equal rights. It is a means of ensuring that people are not exhibiting animal instincts and fighting for territory or mates, and everyoneis living in harmony. 

Adharma happens when someone refuses to follow the good and behaves like an animal.
What is this evil all about? What causes Adharma? All the fights that we see today are either for territory, power, a mate, money or position. Men are expected to live in harmony, share whatever the nature offers and not snatch and demand honor. If one behaves like animals, Adharma arises, threatening the basics of Dharma. That’s when there is a need for an Avatar or the need to bend rules and do what is right.

But for how long do we wait for an avatar? Until evil reaches its peak and gulps us down its throat? Human beings are bestowed with everything that makes it capable to reach the levels of Godliness. Killing the sinners alone is not the act of God. Distinguishing the right and the wrong, and thereby executing a punishment requires a lot of discretion and control over mind. The mind and the soul of these Avatars are evolved in such a manner that they are capable of executing the tasks which perhaps Vishnu himself intended.

This is the yug of Kalki Avatar. Many have claimed to be the Kalki Avatar. How do we know that indeed the God has been reincarnated in the Kalyug? We don’t know a thing, except that we have to power to develop that. We are the harbingers of the society. We have the responsibility of maintaining dharma. (Dharma doesn’t mean religion here, or anywhere.)

With increasing crimes, murders, thefts, how do we still maintain the righteous way to live? We are mere humans and to begin with, we do not know the difference between the right and the wrong. We follow female foeticide in the name of righteousness, we offer human heads to God, we donate millions in temples leaving the hungry suffer, we give bribes to get our work done, we steal, we lie, we cheat, all in the name of standards and virtue.

The rules again need to be bent – more than what Krishna did in Dwapar Yug. This yug is the dangerous of all. We never know when the time will come and we all shall perish in the Armageddon. With increasing sins, we find it difficult to breathe and sustain. We all can be avatars. We all can take pledges to stand against inhuman acts. We can have a righteous way of establishing and maintaining dharma which benefits all. It need not be as rigid as it was in the Treta Yug. This is Kal yug, we need better laws, modern thinking and fresh approach to way things exist in the society. We all can strive to make this world a better place to live in.

There is no Jesus, Kalki, Allah coming on earth. They already exist within each one of us. We just have to do what an avatar in a kalyug would have done!

The time has come.